This type of education assures the link and balance between deliberate and casual influences that appear inside of specialized institutions (schools, colleges, universities). The systematic application of them aims transformation of each person in personality.
Formal education is explained basing on certain objectives, while the educational process is characterized by continuity, intensity and systemic approaches. The goal of this kind of education is to inform individuals and confer them informative independence.
For application of this type of education are elaborated specialized programs created by specially trained experts. The systematized knowledge is selected and structured being characterized by scientific content.
Formal education allows a continue assimilation of the information that is turned in knowledge. It makes easier improving of abilities and capacities of the individual and as result it is easier for a person to be included into society. An important component of the formal education is evaluation, which analysis the outcome of learning.
Evaluation has also the goal to make the learning individual to auto-evaluate and auto-appreciate his/her results. Formal education uses scales of appreciation of the results; here we mention marks, points, etc. It is needed for appreciation and stimulation of the learning process.
The weak point of formal education is the overloaded learning programs. This is a serious obstacle in the path of creativity and personal attitude revealing. The lack of arguments and practical demonstration confer to formal education an informative character.
In short, formal education is characterized by:
- familiarization of persons to intellectual studies ;
- possibility to combine different theoretic sciences;
- self-appreciation and self-evaluation;
- creation of a strong base for future development of practical knowledge.