Explanation - a method of teaching
Explanation is one of the traditional methods of education. It is widely used by teachers and professors and is expressed verbally. Its structure repeats that of a speech having all characteristic parts followed by arguments and rhetorical questions. It may be constructed as: telling, lecture, narration, exposition or simple speech.
Telling is a kind of narration that has a simple character and is widely used in junior school. It makes telling look like a fairy tail and arises interest. Telling features clear, simply constructed phrases that pictures linear thoughts.
Explanation represents discovery of truth which is based on concrete deductive arguments. This teaching method effectively develops logical operations: induction, deduction, comparison, analysis, synthesis, analogy.
Lecture is an exposition of voluminous information that is analyzed and synthesized by professors. This teaching method is recommended for up-grade students and for students that have a high level of independent learning.
University lecture is a method used for teaching in institutions of higher education. It represents a lecture in which the main role is not given just to the professor; it is rather divided between professor and students.
Exposition with opponent represents a special type of exposition that is characterized by heuristic features. Also an important moment about this type of exposition is the presence of the opponent. In this way are debated contradictory problems. The parts can discus pros and cons; advantages and disadvantages; etc. There are trap-questions that stimulate students to thinks.
Didactic exposition is a simple and direct channel to transfer new information. It helps students to see the final result in shortest possible time. The disadvantage of this method is passive role of the students who receive brute information. No analyzes or synthesis are made, that's why information can be either lost or incorrectly understood.
It is very important to use teaching methods in combination with each other for better results. Also pure usage of any of the above methods is not recommended.