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Menstrual cycle

Understanding your body functioning is very important to be informed about pregnancy and the way to avoid or achieve it. You are most probably going to or already started your menses.

What is menstruation?
Menstruation is a cycle changes in your body that begin in your early puberty. This is absolutely necessary for every girl to have menstruation as your further motherhood will depend on your completely. Bleeding that occurs during menses is actually a blood and tissue mixture that flows from the uterus as a result of might-have-been pregnancy that didn’t happen.

What is menstrual cycle?
Menstrual cycle is a complex process where all your reproductive organs take part. Although every woman is individual, there is a normal menstrual cycle to with all the standard phases for every woman. These phases include: menstrual phase, follicular phase, ovulation and secretory phase.

Menstrual phase begins from the first day of menstruation. During this phase the inner lining of the uterus (endometrium) will shed from the uterus. Menstrual bleeding will occur, having blood with the tissue parts of the endometrium. Normally, menses last from 3 to 7 days, in the last days being more and lighter. You will need to use pads or tampons to absorb all the menstrual fluids and feel yourself comfortable.
Follicular phase will follow the menstruation. Hormones make eggs from the ovaries develop. Uterus lining will grow and prepare for a very important moment called ovulation.
Ovulation occurs in the middle of the cycle (approximately at 14 days of a standard 28-day cycle). Eggs will release from the ovaries and move over fallopian tubes to the uterus, waiting to be fertilized. If sperm will happen to get in the uterus and meet with the egg, it will most probably be fertilized which means you will get pregnant.
Secretory phase will follow the ovulation of fertilization doesn’t happen. Hormone level will fall causing blood flow in the endometrium to reduce. Many women experience Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in this phase. This may affect your emotional and physical state somehow differently. For example, you may feel anxiety or increased irritation, headaches or voracious appetite.

Normal and abnormal menstruation
Many girls believe that their periods will appear exactly with the interval of 28 days. Though a standard menstrual cycle is considered to be 28 -day there are a lot of variation, which are also considered normal within certain limits:
1. Normal cycle is considered to be 21 t o35 days length, calculating from the first day of menstruation till the other first day of menstruation.
2. Normal menstrual fluid amount won’t exceed 80 ml.
3. Normal duration of the menstrual flow will last from 3 to 7 days.
You should also remember that during first years from the first period you can have irregular menstruation, for example, you can miss a period or have it earlier or later. This really happens with the teenager girls. As your body is getting used to the changes and hormonal level is not stable yet, your menstrual cycle is suscepatable to mood changes, stress, illnesses, and other fluctuations. Though there is no need to worry about such deviations from the standard menstrual cycle, you should know that the most obvious reason for your menses to miss is pregnancy. You shsould consult your doctor anyway to make sure everything is ok.

There are also some signs which may or may not indicate certain problems with your menstrual cycle:
1. You have heavy menstruation, more than 80 ml( like you need to change your pads too frequently, more than 6 or 8 times per day)
2. You menstruation lasts more than 7-10 days.
3. You’ve noticed bleeding in the middle of the menstrual cycle
4. You experience great discomfort during menstruation like bad pain and intense cramps in abdominal area.
Again, you should consult a gynecologist (a doctor who specialize in woman health) to specify the problem.

Activity during menstruation
Many girls think that menstruation is a kind of illness, which keeps them from any other activities, like sports, gym classes and swimming. Though you may experience certain discomfort during menses, these are usually easy to control which means you shouldn’t avoid your routine activities, unless you feel the necessity. Just try to reduce the intensity of your normal exercises to prevent from exhaustion.

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